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Check the domain of the URL to Stop Fake News
Always double check the domain name
before you like or share!
Start with a URL and find the Domain
Everything that occurs before the last dot . is the second level domain (SLD) , everything that occurs after the last dot . is the top level domain (TLD)
In this example, www and hvcc are part of the second level domain and edu is the top level domain
Well-known TLDs are .edu, .gov, .org, and .com Now let's examine the
domain part of the URL
Let's forget about the protocol and path and focus on the domain [underlined in green in the example]
Everything before the last dot . in the domain is the second level domain (SLD) [yellow in example]
The top level domain (TLD) [orange in example] comes after the last dot . in the domain
Now lets look at the domain of a well-known news company's website compared to an imitation fake news website's domain
Domain of a REAL News Website
. com is the top level domain (TLD) of this real news site Domain of a FAKE News Website
The fake news site tries to be tricky with .com.co, but the .com is really just part of the second level domain
. co is the top level domain (TLD) of this
fake news site
Remember everything before the last dot . in the domain is part of the SLD! If you can distinguish between the SLD and TLD it will be a breeze spotting fake news and hoax sites!
More Fake News Examples with Intentionally Misleading Domains
Wikipedia's list of Fake News Websites
Check out this list of known fake news websites on Wikipedia.org and look at some of the sneaky tricks fake news sites use in their domain names (left column) to trick people
Additional Information on URLs & Domains